Cross section of eye


image courtesy of The eyesite.org

Cataracts

In most cases, cataracts are a normal change that we observe in the eye. A cataract is a clouding of the crystalline lens, becoming less transparent. As a result of this reduced transparency, less light is able to reach the retina. Common symptoms of cataract include blurred vision and increased glare in certain conditions for example on a sunny day or when driving at night. Surgery is not always necessary to remove cataracts. There are some simple things you can do to slow down the progression of cataracts. Our qualified optician will be happy to discuss this in more detail with you.

Our fully qualified Optometrist will do all the necessary checks to establish the standard of your eyesight and the health of your eyes. We will look for early signs of cataracts, glaucoma and other conditions. Diabetes, high blood pressure and vascular disease can also be detected, as the eye can give clues to general health as well as different eye conditions.

image courtesy of The eyesite.org

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition which develops when the pressure inside the eye ball increases and causes damage to the optic nerve. In most cases, many people do not have any symptoms. Some risk factors include; age, family history of glaucoma, short sightedness and diabetes among many more. Remember, if you are 40 years old or more and have a parent, sibling or child with glaucoma, your eye test is free and should be done at least once a year. Glaucoma can usually be controlled by prescribed eye drops to reduce the build up of pressure.

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Macula degeneration

The macula is the central part at the back of your eyes which is used for detailed vision, colour vision and is used for when you are looking straight ahead. As it is used all the time, it is prone to “more wear and tear”. Some common symptoms include distorted vision and a central blind spot.

Macula degeneration is unfortunately becoming more and more common due to a number of factors and treatment is often unpredictable. However, there are a few simple things you can do which may help prevent the onset of macula degeneration. Please ask our optician who will be delighted to discuss this in greater detail.

image courtesy of Kanski

Flashing lights and floaters

Symptoms of flashing lights and floaters can sometimes be normal. However, they need to be seen with caution. Floaters are seen when parts of the transparent jelly in your eyes known as the Vitreous becomes opaque due to changes in the shape of the jelly. They can be seen as dots or hair like strands. Flashing lights can be due to other things for example migraines. However, they can be indicative of a retinal tear or detachment and should not be ignored. There are a number of risk factors which can cause a retinal detachment. Please call to see us if you notice these symptoms or visit an eye casualty department.

Myopia

Commonly known as short sight. Distance objects appear blurry and near tasks are usually clear. Myopia generally progresses during growth so is usually monitored more during the teenage years. Distance objects such as the board at school and road signs can be made clearer by prescribing glasses or contact lenses.

Hypermetropia

Commonly known as long sight. The extent of the prescription usually determines if someone has any symptoms.